In the spirit of "show and tell thursday" here's some career advice that I have distilled from my years in gainful employment. This may run contrary to anecdotal evidence, but I assure you that following these two simple tips will get you a) more money b) more respect c) "allowances" (like flexi-time) d) opportunities. Here we go, they're so simple it's ridiculous.
#1: Make the boss look good
This is the controversial one that most people disagree with, but I can assure you it works. You need to push all your ego aside and make your life about making your boss look good. Why? Bosses control your working life: money, flexible working arrangements, fringe benefits, ... If you make them look good there's no way they want to let you go so they shower you with these benefits in order to keep you. Remember once you go, they stop looking good and then they get no benefits. Aha I hear you say: they'll trap me in my current job and stifle my advancement! Not so. Very soon, everyone will notice you are the boss' right hand man/woman and they will want you too. Offers will roll in and other opportunities will appear. Until that time, the boss will keep throwing money at you in order to keep you happy.
#2: Make it easy for the boss to make a decision
The absolute worse thing you can do is go to the boss with a "What do I do about X?" question. The boss has to then do all the background investigation and thought processes to identify what X is then all the possible effects of choosing one option over another. Make their life simple. "Hi Boss, I have a problem with X. I have done some research into the issue and see that 1,2 and 3 are possible options. I think 3 is the best because ...". This shows a number of things: you understand the problem, you have weighed the options determined a good solution, you value the boss' time (see #1 above!). My wife suggested some bosses may persecute the employee for having their own thought process or ridicule the suggestion. If this is the case, quit; noone likes to work for a complete dickhead.